Introduction

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Our Family Museum:
A Collection of Family History Notes
by
James Nohl Churchyard

September 1997

This volume presents the ancestry (as far as it is known) of the children of James Nohl Churchyard and his former wife, Martha Orr. The following eight ancestral lines start from parentage chart B1.

Churchyard
of Suffolk Co., England, and French-Canadian lines of Monette, Houde and many more, including Baldwin, Catlin, and Corse of Deerfield, MA.
Nohl
of Germany and several New England lines: Benedict, Lockwood, Olmsted, and St. John. A Nohl autobiography covering 1767-1838 (included in the plain ASCII text version) and an emigration diary of 1849 are available.
Best
includes several Palatine German (1709) and earlier New York Dutch, English, and Huguenot lines such as Barnhart, Eckerson, Glen, van Dyck, and Vredenburgh.
McCluskey
and Webb, New Brunswick loyalists; and Bailey and McCausland of County Tyrone, Ulster, including a link to the Buchanan clan of Scotland.
Orr
of Ulster and Indiana, including Howes, Anderson, Sears, and various New England lines, some to the Mayflower.
Dunkerson
(or Duncanson), Blackwell, and Jeffress of Virginia, Casselberry and Garvin of Pennsylvania. One line is carried back to King Edward III of England through the Wrights of Oyster Bay, New York.
Carson
of Franklin and Evansville, Indiana.
Huntzinger
of Pennsylvania and Indiana, Carpenter and Hartley of West Virginia.

A complete list of the principal family names included in this work is given below.

Author and print publisher                         Internet publisher
James N. Churchyard                                  Henry Churchyard
1694 Santa Margarita Drive                            3205 Helms #204
Fallbrook, CA 92028-1639                             Austin, TX 78705
(letter mail with SASE only, please)             churchh@crossmyt.com

Printing History

After many years of research we began the distribution of this book as a personal bicentennial project in 1975. We donated copies to the principal libraries such as:

In the years since, many more printings and excerpts have been given to libraries and individuals. We print each copy of this book to order and so each is slightly different due to the inclusion of new research results and the correction of old errors.

As an extension of this policy of free publication, the book is also available on the Internet.

*Go to Copyright Notices


Contents

Introduction (Part A)
This explains the structure of the book. The principal family surnames are given here, as is a list of ancestors whose services are recognized by various lineage societies. An explanation of the Dutch names and nicknames clarifies some of the later information. Queries about unsolved problems finish this part.
Parentage Charts (Part B)
These four generation parentage charts show the ancestral lines graphically and are a useful road-map to the biographical sketches which form Part C.
Index
An every-name index to Parts A and B, which primarily indexes direct ancestors.

[Most of the rest of this book has not been converted to HTML, but is included as part of the plain ASCII text version which is available for download:]

Biographical Sketches (Part C)
Biographical sketches for each ancestral couple are given here. These include children and the references necessary to support the lineage.

These sketches contain more than the usual "family group sheet" information. Additional historical and background information on the times and places where these ancestors lived has been inserted to complete the picture of their lives.

And that is why this book is called a "museum" instead of a "family history": hopefully it provides a real look into the lives of the people and their times, not just a dry compilation of facts.


[Only portions of Part C have have been converted to HTML, including the following:]
Autobiography and Trip Diary (Part D)
Part D contains the autobiography of Johann Friedrich Nohl, a German Lutheran minister of the time of Napoleon. It also contains the trip diary of his son Friedrich Nohl, giving the events of that family's 1849 emigration and settling in Wisconsin.
Doings Diary (Part E)
Part E is a diary that Miriam (Best) Churchyard kept during her college days of 1911 through 1913 at Mankato State Normal School, with a few later entries.
Sir John Hawkwood (Part F)
Part F contains a brief sketch of this noted condottiere captain and statesman of the Fourteenth Century.
Index
An index to all persons mentioned in Parts A, B, or C
[This index has not been fully converted to HTML; what are available are an index of lineals and close collaterals (this includes siblings of lineal ancestors, but not spouses of these siblings, or more remotely-connected individuals mentioned in Part C), and a simple (non-hypertext) list of all surnames mentioned in Part C.]

Reviews

The following review is from the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society Record, Volume 108 (January 1977), page 52.

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Mr. Churchyard has gathered information concerning his wife's and his ancestral families, twenty-five of which have been traced back at least four generations. This tentative edition is placed in a few libraries with the hope that other researchers may be able to help resolve questions concerning the identity of certain ancestors listed ...

The practice of placing a tentative edition where others can consult it, profit from it, and possibly add to it or even correct it, is laudable and to be encouraged. Mr. Churchyard has obviously done a great deal of intelligent research and thoughtful analysis.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

The following review excerpt is from Everton's Genealogical Helper: online edition, Volume 1, Number 6 (16 May 1995).

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

This is one of the first implementations in a trend toward the establishment of an electronic library accessible via the Internet. It is based on ... Our Family Museum with information on over 360 different surnames ... Even in its simplicity, this Web-based book provides the one thing serious students have always wished for in printed volumes: instant cross-references. Multimedia is cool, but this ability to form your own links, to follow a path that you have chosen, is what hypertext is all about. ... Fancy? No. But invaluable for those who share the author's lineage.


James N. Churchyard is or has been a member of these lineage and genealogical organizations:

The Society of the Cincinnati in the State of New York
The California Society, Sons of the Union Veterans
The Sons of the Revolution in the State of California
The California Society, Sons of the American Revolution
The Society of Colonial Wars in the State of California
The California Society, Sons and Daughters of the Pilgrims
Descendants of Colonial Tavern Keepers
Descendants of Colonial Physicians and Chirurgiens
The Augustan Society
The New York Historical and Genealogical Society


Introduction

The Contents of this Book

This volume presents the ancestry, as far as it is known, of the children of James Nohl and Martha (Orr) Churchyard. These children are Henry, Ruth Kendrick (Walker), and Elizabeth Emily.


[See Contents above.]

The Structure of this Book

The book is divided into several major sections called parts. Parts B and C are numbered in accordance with the standard pedigree (Ahnentafel) numbering system. This provides the best correlation between the pedigree charts and the biographical sketches. Each ancestor is assigned a number based on his or her position up the family tree. In this system, the latest generation is given the number 1. In general, the number of a person's father is twice that person's number. The number of a wife is one more than that of her husband. This system provides a simple method for sequencing the pages of parentage charts and biographical data. Due to intermarriage among cousins, however, some ancestors may have more than one number. In these cases, the smallest of these numbers has generally been used.

[See also the ahnentafel schema in the explanation of how to read a four-generation genealogical chart. I have always thought it would be better to give these numbers in octal (base 8), but my father doesn't agree -- H.C. note]

Two indices are given. The first, which appears between Parts B and C, gives the every name index to Parts A and B. The second, which occurs at the end of the book, gives an every name index to Parts A, B, and C. Parts D, E, and F are not indexed.

Principal Family Names

The following list gives all those surnames for which four or more generations are known.

Name        Number Span of dates     Origin      Terminus
              of
         Generations

Anderson       4   1728  - 1854      Scotland    Indiana
Baldwin        6   1497  - 1704      England     Massachusetts
Barnhart       6   1645? - 1850?     Germany     New York
Becker         5   1610? - 1810      Holland     New Netherland
Benedict       5   1500? - 1700?     France      Connecticut
Best           7   1690? - 1939      Germany     New York
Betzer         4   1640? - 1760?     Germany     New York
Bissonette     5   1620? - 1800?     France      Canada
Blackwell      7   1620  - 1888      England     Kentucky
Borsboom       6   1525  - 1704      Holland     New Netherland
Bourne         4   1586  - 1715      England     Massachusetts
Carson         4   1820? - 1994      Indiana     Indiana
Casselberry    6   1670? - 1920      Germany     PA, IN
Churchyard    13   1567  - Now       England     Wisconsin, Calif.
Damen          4   1555  - 1724      Holland     New Netherland
Demers         4   1600? - 1745      France      Canada
Denis-Lapierre 4   1620? - 1800?     France      Canada
Drouillard     4   1640? - 1800?     France      Canada
Dunkerson      4   1763  - 1878      Scotland    VA, KY, IN
Eckerson       6   1610? - 1830?     England     New Netherland
Evans          5   1625? - 1820?     Ireland     Indiana
Fish           4   1584  - 1678      England     Massachusetts
Freeman        4   1600? - 1747      England     Massachusetts
Garvin         5   1677  - 1908      Scotland    Penn., Ind.
Goodwin        4   1630? - 1828      Virginia    Virginia
Hall           4   1610? - 1784      England     Massachusetts
Hartley        6   1666  - 1922      England     PA, IN
Houde          6   1590? - 1800?     France      Canada
Howes          9   1590? - 1887      England     MA, IN
Huntzinger     6   1730  - 1973      Germany     PA, IN
Lamarre        5   1600? - 1800?     France      Canada
Lockwood       6   1560  - 1843      England     CT, NY
Lounhart       4   1640? - 1790?     Germany     New York
Lowry          5   1670? - 1882      Ulster      Indiana
Monet(te)      6   1661  - 1932      France      Canada, WI, MN
Moore          4   1676  - 1840      Maryland    Kentucky
Nohl           6   1695  - 1953      Germany     Wisconsin
Olmsted        8   1480? - 1740      England     Connecticut
Orr            5   1780  - now       Ulster      Indiana
Paddock        4   1605  - 1778      England     Massachusetts
Pope           5   1580  - 1787      England     Massachusetts
Remillard      6   1620? - 1800?     France      Canada
Scott          6   1500? - 1706      England     Connecticut
Sears          6   1600? - 1851      England     Massachusetts
Steinkopf      4   1600? - 1742      Germany     New York
St. John       7   1600? - 1886      England     CT, NY
Surprenant     5   1620? - 1800?     France      Canada
Threadkell     4   1601  - 1815      England     England
Tobey          6   1625  - 1849      Wales       Massachusetts
Uzille (Siele) 5   1600? - 1790?     France      New Netherland
van Dyck       7   1580? - 1828      Holland     New Netherland
Vredenburgh    5   1600? - 1800?     Holland     New Netherland
Wright         7   1465  - 1699      England     New York

Roll of Ancestral Services

The following lists contains the names of ancestors (direct or collateral) who served their communities in various ways which are now recognized by various lineage societies. Additional categories have been added as deemed worthwhile. For each entry the name, date or place, and relevant page number is shown.

[If we have a hall of fame, we should have a corresponding hall of shame. There are no serious criminals or other very colorful characters, though Maria Truax had a child by a man other than her husband in 1642, and was banished from New Amsterdam in 1664 for shady business dealings and keeping a disorderly tavern. However, several ancestors were slaveowners; of these, John Eckerson, Chapman Blackwell, and Alexander L. Glen were all apparently fairly large-scale slaveowners for their time and place, while the collateral John Harrison was "murdered by one of his negro slaves". Note that most of the slaveowners did not live in the southern colonies/states.
-- H.C. note]

A Note on Dutch Given Names

Many of the Dutch given names will seem unfamiliar, especially if the nicknames are used. This brief note is based the more complete discussion in the 1916 Yearbook of the Holland Society, pages 14 through 20. Feminine diminutives in common use were the suffixes -tje (pronounced -cha) and -ke or -ken. Patronymics were based on the genitive ending -se or the ending -sen (meaning son). Both of these were often abreviated by the use of the ending -z. This usage of the letter z for abbreviations is a direct continuation of a medieval symbol.

The following list gives the Dutch given name, common nickname, English given name, and the English nickname. As English became more widely used, some persons used the English nickname along with the Dutch form. So some familiarity with both forms is required to identify the persons involved. The letter j, of course, was pronounced as y. For example, the will of Isaac Vredenburgh mentions his daughter Yonacha. This must have been written phonetically by someone unfamiliar with Dutch orthography. In the proper Dutch spelling the name is Jannetje, but the phonetic spelling to an English ear is Yonacha.

Dutch given    Dutch nickname  English given   English nickname

Agatha         Aechtje
Anna           Annatje         Anna, Hannah    Ann, Nancy
Anthonius      Theunis         Anthony         Tony
Catharina      Tryntje         Catherine       Kate
Cornelia       Neeltje         Cornelia        Nelly
               Engeltje        Angelica
Hadriana       Ariaantje       Adrienne
Jacobus        Cobus           James           Jim
Jacquemine     Jacomyntje      Jacqueline      Jackie
Johanne        Jannetje        Joan            Jannet
Johannes       Jan             John            Jack
Magdalena      Lena, Leentje   Magdalene
Margaret       Grietje         Margaret        Peggy
Maria          Marytje         Mary            Molly
Sophia         Fytje           Sophia          Sophie

Jacquemine is French, rather than Dutch. The Dutch further shortened their version to simply Myntje.

Urgent Queries

No genealogy is ever complete, but it is especially frustrating to to have a broken link which connects one set of published data with another set. An incurable optimism hopes that a simple connection could be made with just one or two additional facts. The following lists of queries are presented in this hope.

The parentage information on the following persons is needed to make positive connection with other published genealogical data.

Person's Name           Page No.  Remarks
-------------           --------  ------
Lt. Jacob Best          C80       Jacob served in the Revolution,
Isaac Best              C42       but now the D.A.R. require
                                    death date and place for the
                                    patriot be known.  Where and
                                    when did he die?  Also note the
                                    D.A.R. erroneously assign his
                                    service to a much older uncle.

John Best               C20.5     He served in the Civil War,
                                  spent time in Confederate pri-
                                  sons, furloughed home and died
                                  in 1865.  There is no record of
                                  his service in the National
                                  Archives - why?

Blumfeild, Anne         C520      is she part of the Norman de
                                  Blonville, later Blomfield,
                                  family?

Chadderdon, Abraham     C156      from Thomas Chadderdon who came
                                  in 1631?

Duncanson, Thomas       C104      presumably second generation
                                  Scotch-Irish

McCluskey, William      C44       They were married in St. John,
Webb, Elizabeth                   New Brunswick, Canada, in 1834,
                                  presumably of Loyalist descent.

Noll, Johann            C288      carpenter in Dortmund, Germany,
                                  1720 - 1746, what is his con-
                                  nection with the Eckenhagen
                                  Nohls?

Norton, Hugh            C318      Land owner in Stamford, CT,
                                  died before 1743

St. John, Matthias      C1264     born ca. 1661, need accurate
                                  dates and information on his
                                  first wife

St. John, Matthias      C5056     born ca. 1605 in England, con-
                                  nected to the baronial St. John
                                  families?  For much more infor-
                                  mation, see this file.

Stone, Lydia & Stukely  C156      of Whiting, VT, in 1821, who
                        C314      were their forebears?

Grietje - a Mohawk?     C1402     She was the wife of Pieter J.
                        C2806     Borsboom.  A deed of gift from
                                  the  Mohawk Indians to their
                                  daughter, Annatje, implies that
                                  the daughter was part Indian.
                                  See detailed information.
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*Annotated surname Index to main charts: A-H, J-Z
*Annotated Index of Persons in main charts (mostly Lineals): A-H, J-Z
*Index of Lineals and close Collaterals: A-H, J-Z
*Genealogical Charts (Part 1A)
*Genealogical Charts (Part 1B)
*Genealogical Charts (Part 2A)
*Genealogical Charts (Part 2B)
*Genealogical Charts (Part 3A)
*Genealogical Charts (Part 3B)
*Single Overview chart of Lineal Ancestors: HTML (big!), text