Data (Mostly Negative) on the
English Origins of
Matthias St. John

21 September 1997

"It would seem therefore that MATTHEW ST. JOHN's origins remain obscure."
J. P. Brooke-Little, Richmond Herald of Arms, 29 May 1975
*Return to menu

Contents

1.  Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1

2.  Other Immigrant St. Johns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
  2.1.  Elizabeth St. John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
  2.2.  Nicholas Sension . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .1
  2.3.  Other Mentions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

3.  Noble St. Johns. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2

4.  English Records of Matthias. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
  4.1.  Matthias the Shoemaker . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .2
  4.2.  Matthias the Chandler. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
  4.3.  Mary Tinker, Wife of our Matthias. . . . . . . . . . . .3

5.  Further English Research . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .3
  5.1.  First Report . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
  5.2.  Second Report. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
  5.3.  Discussion of the above Reports. . . . . . . . . . . . .9
  5.4.  Wills and Probates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
    5.4.1.  Sir Oliver St. John. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9
    5.4.2.  Sir Oliver St. John, Viscount Grandison. . . . . . 10
    5.4.3.  Henry St. John . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
    5.4.4.  A French Senjohn . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

6.  Conclusions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

7.  References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12

Appendix:  Parentage of Mary Tinker. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

Index of Persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14

Notice

Any reproduction, in whole or in part, by any means whatsoever, for any legitimate purpose, will be considered a sincere compliment. But you must not attempt to copyright this material -- it is in the public domain!

James Nohl Churchyard
1694 Santa Margarita Drive
Fallbrook, CA 92028-1639


21 September 1997                                               1

On the English Origins of Matthias St. John

1. Introduction

Matthias Sension (as the name is originally spelled) and his wife came to New England in the early 1630's. They settled first at Dorchester, Mass. He was made a freeman there on 3 September 1634. They removed to Windsor, Connecticut, about 1640, and then to Wethersfield, CT, about 1648. In 1654 they moved to Norwalk, CT, where his will was made on 19 October 1669, and recorded on 10 March 1669. The will mentions his wife, but does not name her. [Reference 1]

The will uses the spelling Sention, and this spelling is used on other documents apparently signed by family members. Senchon is another spelling found in the original documents. The St. John version of the name is not found in these earliest records and apparently surfaces in the early 1700's.

Matthias St. John was survived by five children. And their children were prolific in the typical New England manner. So today there are a great many descendants from this immigrant ancestor.


*Go to Matthias St. John in Churchyard/Orr genealogy.

This article is an attempt to summarize the information on Matthias St. John's English origins. The data will be quoted from relevant sources, but not in detail. All statements will be referenced so that my conclusions can be readily verified.

2. Other Immigrant St. Johns

Several other individuals bearing the surname of St. John migrated to New England at about the same time. No interconnections among these people are known.

2.1. Elizabeth St. John

She was the daughter of Sir Oliver St. John and his wife Sarah Bulkley. She married 6 August 1629 Samuel Whiting as his second wife. They came to Lynn, MA in May 1636. They left descendants to the present. [Reference 1] She was baptized 12 January 1604/5 at Bletsoe, Co. Bedford, England. [Reference 6, page 67]

2.2. Nicholas Sension

He came from England on "The Elizabeth and Ann," aged 13 in May 1635 [Reference 2] and settled at Windsor, CT. He married Isabel ---- in 1645 but they had no children. They both died in the Fall of 1689. [References 1, 2] In Windsor they lived next to Mary Collins, the mother of Mary Tinker who married the immigrant Matthias Sention. [Reference 8, p. 403]

2.3. Other Mentions

A Thomas Senchon was an inhabitant of Windsor in 1639: a child of his is noted as dying on 16 May 1639. [1] A Sara Senchon died there in 1647. [1]

3. Noble St. Johns

The Peerage of Great Britain has two great St. John families listed there: the Barons of Bletso (formerly spelled Bletshoe) and the Viscounts of Bolingbroke. These two families spring from a common ancestor. Over the years there has been considerable discussion of the exact lineages. [Refs. 3 and 4] But, in any case, it is agreed that the St. John lines are almost unique in being traceable in the male line back into the early days of the Norman conquest of England.

And, through female lines, descents can be shown from many of the noble families of Europe.

The arms of the Viscounts of Bolingbroke are: argent, on a chief gules two mullets or; motto: Nec quaerere, nec spernere honorem.

The arms of the Barons of Bletso are the same but the motto is Data fata secutus. The crests of the two families are slightly different. The supporters are completely different.

No connection between these families and Matthias St. John has yet been proven. A great-grandson of the immigrant couple, Capt. Joseph St. John (1703 - 1756) had the Bletso shield and motto on his tombstone. [Reference 1, plate opposite page 86]

4. English Records of Matthias

Matthias (the Latin form of Matthew) seems as if it should be an unusual name, but the records indicate otherwise. The following data are excerpted from Reference 5.

4.1. Matthias the Shoemaker

A Matthias Senchon was a shoemaker in London, more precisely, in the parish of St. Botolph's Bishopsgate. He and his wife Sara had children baptized there in 1629, 1631, and 1633. The 1629 entry was for the baptism of a son William.

On 29 January 1654/5 William Senshon, cordwainer, married Susan Fullam, both of this parish. Since the occupations are essentially the same, it seems that this Matthias stayed in London and was succeeded in business by his son.

4.2. Matthias the Chandler

The parish registers of St. Nicholas Cole Abbey, London, record the baptisms of children of Matthias Sension and his wife Mary and of James Sension and his wife Anne. Both of these are called chandlers -- merchants of candles and other small wares and groceries.

Two entries for Matthias and Mary ---- Sension appear: the baptisms of Thomas on 24 October 1631 and Marke on 10 June 1633. There are no further mention of this family in England and shortly after the records in New England start. So, tentatively, this family can be identified as the immigrants.

Mentions of James Sension and his wife Anne occur from 1636 through 1652. These are baptisms and burials of children. So apparently this family remained in England.

The information on the records of this parish are from Reference 5. In that source it is hypothesized that this Matthias and James Sension were brothers and that the former was the immigrant.

4.3. Mary Tinker, Wife of our Matthias

Recent research has been published which indicates that Matthias St. John's wife was Mary Tinker, a daughter of Robert Tinker and his second wife Mary Merwin. Mary Tinker was baptized 6 August 1606 at the parish of New Windsor, in the town of Windsor, Berkshire. She married Matthias Sention on 1 November 1627. And their first child, another Matthias, was baptized there on 30 November 1628. [Ref. 8, which in turn references only "Parish Registers of New Windsor, at Berkshire Record Office"]

Her parentage is given in the four generation parentage chart at the end of this article.

The Tinker, Merwin, and Sention families migrated together to New England, and it is no coincidence that their joint settlement was named Windsor (CT) in honor of their home city.

Obviously, further research into the Windsor and Berkshire records are warranted. Any results of such researches have not yet been reported.

5. Further English Research

In the mid-70's I commissioned J. P. Brooke-Little, then Richmond Herald of Arms, to search through the records to find any connection between Matthias and the other St. Johns. His reports and research notes run to many pages. But no evidence of the connection was found.

5.1. First Report

J.P. Brooke-Little
Richmond Herald of Arms
College of Arms                                30th October, 1973

MATTHIAS or MATTHEW ST. JOHN emigrated circa 1631 to Massachusetts, and according to the "New England Historical and Genealogical Register", Vol 54 p 342 RICHARD ST. JOHN, younger son of NICHOLAS and ELIZABETH ST. JOHN "was ancestor of the Irish ST. JOHNS, and I think, of our MATTHEW ST. JOHN, who by the way, lived in St. Botolph's Bishopsgate, in London before going to Connecticut." MATTHEW had a son MATTHIAS born circa 1630, possibly in England, and his mother's name was ELIZABETH. At the same time as MATTHEW was living in Massachusetts, a NICHOLAS ST. JOHN, and ELIZABETH ST. JOHN wife of SAMUEL WHITING were residing in New England. She has been identified as the daughter of Sir OLIVER ST. JOHN of Bletshoe and his wife SARAH.

There has been a great deal of work done on the ST. JOHN family -- as you say J. H. Round's article early in this century seems to have sparked off interest in tracing the ancestry of OLIVER ST. JOHN and his collaterals. Recently "The Genealogist's Magazine" contained an article on the pedigree of OLIVER, by FRANK T. SMALLWOOD (Vol 16 no 3 pp 93-6, Sept 1969), and the Friends of Lydiard Tregoze published a similar article on the family and its collaterals in its 5 Reports, especially Report 5 (1972), by CHRISTOPHER HUSSEY. Mr. SMALLWOOD is the prime mover in this Society. Our local researcher contacted Mr. SMALLWOOD but he stated that he had never found a MATTHEW or MATTHIAS ST. JOHN among the collaterals he had succeeded in locating. In the 1970 Report no 3 says that a monumental inscription at Lydiard Tregoze recorded that NICHOLAS ST. JOHN and his wife ELIZABETH BLOUNT had 3 sons and 5 daughters, namely JOHN ST. JOHN, OLIVER ST. JOHN, RICHARDST. JOHN, ELIZABETH ST. JOHN, CATHERINE ST. JOHN, ELEANOR ST. JOHN, DOROTHEA ST. JOHN, and JANE ST. JOHN. JOHN married the dau of Sir WALTER HUNGERFORD, Knt. and OLIVER and RICHARD were still unmarried in 1592. In Purley church, co Berks, there was a monumental inscription to JANE EWARBY which mentioned MICHAEL ST. JOHN and RICHARD ST. JOHN, sons of NICHOLAS ST. JOHN, and the monumental inscription was erected by Sir JOHN ST. JOHN Bt. The article suggests that RICHARD might have been given the use of the family manor of Purley, but questions what happened to MICHAEL, whose name does not appear on the earlier monumental inscription.

The `Victoria County History of Berkshire,' Vol III, p. 419, details the holding of Purley Magna Manor. JOAN IWARDBY, formerly wife of Sir JOHN ST. JOHN of Lydiard Tregoze, held it in 1514. She and her son JOHN settled the reversion of the estate on ELIZABETH dau of RICHARD BLOUNT of Mapledurham for life, with remainder to JOHN'S son NICHOLAS. NICHOLAS lived there after his marriage to ELIZABETH and died seized of it in 1589. From then on it passed by direct line to his grandson WALTER, who died under age in 1597 and was succeeded by his brother JOHN (created a baronet 22 May 1611), who as at Purley in 1627. His grandson succeed him in 1648, but when he died unmarried in 1657 his heir was found to be his uncle WALTER ST. JOHN. As you can see no reference was made to RICHARD ST. JOHN who may merely have held land at Purley of one of his relations. No Court Rolls of Purley Magna have been cataloged as surviving.

The `Alumni Oxonienses' and `Cantabridieneses' were searched between 1580 and 1714 for any mention of RICHARD or MATTHEW ST. JOHN and although there were numerous entries of the surname and such variants as SEINJOHN no reference occurred, nor was any mention made of London, other than in connexion with OLIVER ST. JOHN of Battersea.

The will index of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury 1600 - 1670 was perused to see again if either RICHARD or MATTHEW's name appeared. The following were abstracted just in case any of the testators left a bequest to them:

No trace was found of either man, nor was mention made of St. Botolph Bishopsgate, where MATTHEW is supposed to have lived prior to emigration. Administrations in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury were listed between 1600 and 1660 without result. None of those before 1632 related to London inhabitants.

The probate courts of Berkshire, Sarum, Taunton and Gloucester were searched to see if any ST. JOHN testators had wills proved locally in the Court appropriate to their residences. No entry of the surname occurred.

As the `New England Historical and Genealogical Register' stated that RICHARD ST. JOHN was founder of the Irish line we examined the copies of Irish official records in our collection -- no pedigree included RICHARD or MATTHEW. O'Hart's `Irish Landed Gentry when Cromwell came to Ireland' revealed that Sir OLIVER ST. JOHN went as a servitor to Armagh, with 8 others, after the Earl of Tyrone's revolt against Elizabeth. This was the period of the Ulster plantation between 1608 and 1620 during which 6 counties including Armagh were confiscated and servitors were appointed, paying #8 rent per annum per 1000 acres (if they had Irish tenants) or #5-6s-8d per 1000 acres (if they had English or Scottish tenants). It is possible that a pedigree of this ST. JOHN family is at Dublin Castle along with those of other 17th century settlers and this avenue should be explored.

The `Index of Prerogative Wills of Ireland 1536 - 1810' did not contain a ST. JOHN entry until 1670, which is too late for our purposes. The Prerogative Court of Canterbury however had in its custody the Administration of JOHN ST. JOHN of Tandechey, co Armagh's goods, granted 29 March 1648. This was granted to his widow ELIZABETH ST. PAUL, alias ST. JOHN.

We then concentrated on your information that MATTHEW ST. JOHN lived in the parish of St. Botolph Bishopsgate: these registers have been printed and although the period 1620 - 1633 was searched, no entry was found of any baptisms of his children, of his marriage. In case `St. Botolph' should have read St. Helen Bishopsgate, the only other parish known by that location, we examined the printed registers of that parish also for the same period, but again without result.

Percival Boyd's list of `London Burials' (taken from printed registers available in the 1920's and therefore not fully comprehensive) showed four entries of ST. JOHN before 1650, but no RICHARD ST. JOHN, and the nearest parish was St. Giles Without Cripplegate, 1/2 a mile west of St. Botolph. It might well be worth examining the baptism registers of this parish and also those of St. Botolph without Aldersgate, St. Botolph without Aldgate, and St. Botolph by Billingsgate, all within a mile of Bishopsgate in case the author of the article in the `New England Historical and Genealogical Register' mistakenly identified St. Botolph's parish.

A good many of Mr. SMALLWOOD's working papers have been deposited at the Society of Genealogists and these were examined as well as other family papers of ST. JOHN, and the Great Card Index -- no information was forthcoming about MATTHEW or RICHARD. W. Savage's `Genealogical Dictionary of New England' stated that MATTHEW or MATTHIAS ST. JOHN was at Dorchester in 1634 and was freeman on 3 Sept of that year moving to Windsor, about 1638, dying after 11 October 1669 at Newark. His supposed eldest son MARK may have been born in England.

What strikes me most is the fact that the names of MARK and MATTHEW are not names which occur in the established ST. JOHN families of Lydiard Tregoze, Bletsoe and Battersea. If a will has survived of MATTHEW it would be a good idea to have it abstracted; otherwise we can make searches of the other parishes by the name St. Botolph, in the City of London, and of St. Giles Cripplegate to see if MATTHEW married there or had a son baptised. Lastly we should see if there are any lists of inhabitants of St. Botolphs Bishopsgate before 1632 and check if MATTHEW's name appears on one.

5.2. Second Report

J.P. Brooke-Little
Richmond Herald of Arms
College of Arms                                    29th May, 1975

At the time of the last report sent on 30 October 1973 we had not succeeded in establishing the place of origin of MATTHEW or MATTHIAS ST. JOHN, although from printed American sources it was suggested that emanated from the parish of St. Botolph, City of London about 1630. We recommended having all City parishes by that name examined for baptisms of ST. JOHN, particularly that of his son MATTHIAS. The period 1625-1635 was covered for St. Botolph Aldgate, St. George Botolph Lane, 1629-1631 for St. Botolph Billingsgate, 1625- for Holy Trinity Minories and 1625- 1635 for St. Giles Cripplegate. The Registers of St. Botolph Aldersgate do not survive from so early a date and those of St. Botolph Bishopsgate had already been unsuccessfully examined; again no trace was found of any ST. JOHN entries.

You mentioned in your letter of 22 November 1973 that the Visitation of Bedford 1566 (H9, folio 8R) contained the pedigree of ST. JOHN of Sharnbrooke, in which OLIVER ST. JOHN of that place had a 3rd son HENRY. The 1633/4 Visitation of London (IC24, folio I7IR) shoed under the Billingsgate Ward the pedigree of HENRY ST. JOHN, out of the Lord ST. JOHN house of Bletsoe, who went and dwelt in Norfolk. He married FRANCES LEIGHTON of co Lancaster, with issue OLIVER ST. JOHN of Hockering Park, co Norfolk, and of East Tudenham in the same county, who married MARY TILLNEY, daughter of ROBERT TILLNEY of East Tudenham, with issue ROBERT ST. JOHN, alive 1633, HENRY of London, gent., a merchant, also alive 1633 married to ELIZA GOODWIN daughter of JOHN GOODWIN, citizen and haberdasher of London with issue unnamed, OLIVER married to a daughter of ---- RAMSEY of Norridge (sic) with issue, and ROGER. The pedigree was signed by HENRY ST. JOHN, and the Arms were of 10 quarters, these being similar to the Arms displayed in the 1613 Visitation of Huntingdonshire (C3, folio 2R), in which OLIVER ST. JOHN of Sharnbrooke was shown as married with unnamed issue. It was thought there must be a link between the two HENRY ST. JOHN's, and possibly as Billingsgate Ward was the place of residence of HENRY ST. JOHN there might be some connexion with MATTHEW ST. JOHN.

HENRY ST. JOHN of Bromley, co Middlesex, merchant, drew up his will on 29 August 1653, which was proved on 28 November 1654, Administration being further granted on 10 April 1660 to his eldest child ELIZABETH ST. JOHN, the other children being HENRY, FFRANCIS ST. JOHN and ROGER ST. JOHN being minors, and OLIVER, the other son being deceased. The testator mentioned his late wife, and expressed a wish to be buried in the parish church of Bromley. It seems most likely that his HENRY ST. JOHN is to be identified as the one being of London in 1633/4 (see above paragraph).

The Commissary Court of London and the Court of Hustings were searched for ST. JOHN wills between 1588 and 1650, without result. We then had the Norfolk Courts of the Dean and Chapter of Norwich, Archdeaconry Court of Norfolk (1660 +), Consistory Court of Norwich and Norfolk Archdeaconry Court searched from 1630 - 1700 for wills and administrations in the surname and its variants. The three entries found were abstracted and related to the East Tudenham family; namely OLIVER ST. JOHN of East Tudenham, dated 24 June 1659, proved 19 January 1660/1; OLIVER ST. JOHN, of the same place, gent., dated 17 September 1688, proved 2 February 1688/9; and HENRY, son of OLIVER ST. JOHN, late of East Tudenham, dated 8 February 1688/9, proved 18 January 1689/90. No reference was made either to a MATTHEW ST. JOHN, an emigrant ST. JOHN or to anyone living in London, but it would appear to extend the Visitation pedigree of 1633/4 a little further.

Lastly a search was made of the printed Calender of State Papers (American) between 1600 and 1676, and of the Acts of the Privy Council of England (Colonial) 1613 to 1720, without the name appearing.

It would seem therefore that MATTHEW ST. JOHN's origins remain obscure.

5.3. Discussion of the above Reports

At that time this research was done it was not known that the St. Boltoph parish clue applied to the wrong family. Now, from Robert Leigh Ward's research summarized before, we know that the likely parish was St. Nicholas Cole Abbey.

How the searchers missed the actual St. Botolph records is not clear. Did they not realize that "Sention" and "Senchon" were variants of "St. John?"

The Puritans used Biblical names for their children. Such a one is Matthias -- the Latin form of Matthew. The names found among the noble St. John families are typically more pagan -- Henry, Richard, Oliver, William, etc. So we can guess that the immigrant's parents were also Puritans in the first decade of the 1600's.

5.4. Wills and Probates

The wills quoted below were summarized during this research by the agents of the Herald. I have not examined the original wills or verbatim copies.

5.4.1. Sir Oliver St. John

It has often been stated that Matthias Sention was a brother of Elizabeth St. John, wife of Samuel Whiting. However, no proof of this has ever been advanced. Sir Oliver's will is the Public Record Office, PCC Wills 1626/149 folio 73. It is dated 13 March 1625 and was probated 1 May 1626. The following persons are mentioned:

first wife
wife Alice
daughter Dorothie Westland
daughter Judith, unmarried
daughter Elizabeth
eldest son Oliver
brother-in-law Peter Bulkley, uncle of my children
Mary and Ann under 18, my two daughters and their mother, my wife
father-in-law Mr. Thomas Alleyne of Gouldington
brother Mr. William Hasolden
youngest son John St. John
son Edward St. John
sister Fraunces Weales
mother-in-law Mrs. Marye Alleyn
brother Mr. Robert Hasolden
nephew Mr. Samuel Browne

As is apparent, there is no mention of a Matthias or James St. John.

This Oliver St. John was born ca. 1575, died at Keysoe, County Bedford, 23 March 1625/6. He married firstly in 1597 Sarah Bulkeley (1580 - 1611), secondly 16 August 1611 Alice Haselden. [Reference 6, page 67]

5.4.2. Sir Oliver St. John, Viscount Grandison

Matthias has also been claimed to have been a son of this Oliver and his wife Elizabeth Blount. However his will does not support this assertion. It in the Prerogative Court of Canterbury, 1630-1 159 folio 1. It is dated 26 June 1630, with a codicil of 16 December 1630, and was proved 5 February 1630. The "Battrichsey" is in Surrey and now spelled Battersea.

Sir Oliver St. John, Knight, Viscount Grandison and Lord Tregoze
to be buried at Battrichsey under monumental inscription for me and my wife there
Dame Joane, Viscountess Grandison my wife
manor house at Battrichsey
nephew Sir John St. John, knight and baronet
Henry, Lord Docura shall be seised of my lands in Ireland
godsons John St. John, 2nd son of my nephew Sir John St. John, Henry St. John
son-in-law Sir Henry Holecroft, Knt
Sir William Slingsby, Knt, Sir Ffrancis Leigh
Sir Henry St. George and John Awsrey overseers

5.4.3. Henry St. John

In the 1633-4 Visitation of the London the heralds recorded the arms and descent from a Henry St. John, merchant in the Billingsgate Ward. A coat of arms of 10 quarters is shown, along with the statement that Henry St. John was "descended out of the Lord St. John's house of Bletshoe..." His grandson, also Henry St. John, is given as a merchant and haberdasher in London, living 1633. [Reference 7] The similarity in profession between merchant and chandler seems encouraging.

However, this Henry St. John drew up his will on 29 August 1653 and mentioned children as follows: eldest daughter Elizabeth, sons Henry, Ffrancis and Roger -- minors, and deceased son Oliver. So this is a false trail also.

5.4.4. A French Senjohn

The Public Record Office has the following will filed in PCC Wills, 1660/297, folio 16.

"John Senjohn under the command of General Disbrowe and in his own troop having obtained leave from the said General to go into France my own native country having been absent from thence this 15 years, now considering that my urgent occasions doth require my presence there for a certaine tymes and from thence by God's will to returne into England..." Various bequests were made to friends. No family connections were mentioned. Dated 7 April 1654, probated 29 March 1660.

This document shows that a French native of the surname lived for a while in England. Presumably he did not return "into England" and his effects left there were distributed.

6. Conclusions

As Mr. Brooke-Little so succinctly stated: "It would seem therefore that Matthew St. John's origins remain obscure."

My own personal conclusion is that it does not seem likely that Matthias St. John was connected with the families of the nobility or gentry. The reasons for this conclusion are as follows:

a. These families appear to be well documented and no evidence of such a connection has been found despite repeated, thorough, searches by myself and many others.
b. Matthias was never referred to by the honorific title of "Mr." in the colonial records. If his family were of the gentry class he most likely would have been accorded this notice.
c. All the early records known to be of Matthias, both in England and in America, spell the name Sension or Sention.

If I were to undertake further researches, they would concentrate on two mutually exclusive speculations concerning Matthias's origin.

a. Perhaps he was of Huguenot origin. A great many of these French protestants fled to England and engaged in various trades to support themselves. "St. John" is a very common parish name in France, and would probably sound like Sension.
b. Perhaps he was descended from servants of one of the above gentry families, and his ancestors took the name of their masters. This is what happened with many freed slaves in the South, and the same process in England led to servitors having noble surnames.

And any such research would have to lead to the parentage of Matthias Sension, the chandler, not the shoemaker. Remember that there were at least two different men of the same name in London then!

I would love to hear of any further research results. But please, do not send any unproven lines based on wishful thinking. If you are undertaking such research, be assured that your fame will be secure if you find and publish positive proof of the emigrant's origins.

7. References

1. The St. John Genealogy, Orline St. John Alexander, The Grafton Press, New York, 1907
2. Planters of the Commonwealth, C. E. Banks, Genealogical Publishing Co. (reprint) 1972, page 155
3. "St. John of Bletsoe," John Brownbill, The Genealogists' Magazine, Vol. V (April 1929 - December 1931), pp 355 - 359,
4. "The Families of St. John and of Port," The Genealogist, Vol. XVI (1899-1900)
5. "Two Contemporaries Named Matthias Sension," Robert Leigh Ward, The American Genealogist, Whole number 212, Vol. 33 No. 4, October 1977, pp. 241 - 243
6. Ancestral Roots of Sixty Colonists ..., Frederick Lewis Weis, Fourth Edition, Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, 1969
7. Visitation of London, 1633-1634, vol. 17 of the publications of the Harleian Society, page 221
8. "The English Ancestry of the Merwin and Tinker Families of New England," Part Two ... Douglas Richardson, The New England Historical and Genealogical Register, Vol. CXLIX: October 1995, whole number 596, pages 402, 410 - 412.

21 September 1997                                                     13

Parentage of Mary Tinker


*[This is equivalent to the hypertext-linked Chart B5057 in the Churchyard/Orr genealogy.]
                                                +-----------------------
                                                |
                                                |
                                                |
                        +-----------------------+
                        |                       |
                        |                       |
                        |                       |
                        |                       +-----------------------
                        |
 Robert Tinker          |
+-----------------------+
|born ca. 1565          |
|     Berkshire, England|
|mar. 26 January 1600/1 |
|bur. 2 June 1624       |                       +-----------------------
|     New Windsor, Berks.                       |
|                       |                       |
|                       |                       |
|                       +-----------------------+
|                                               |
|                                               |
|                                               |
|                                               +-----------------------
|
|
|Mary Tinker
+-----------------------
|bapt 6 August 1606
|     New Windsor, Berks.                        John Merwin
|mar. 1 November 1627                           +-----------------------
|living 1669                                    |born ca. 1490
|     Norwalk, CT                               |
|                        Thomas Merwin          |mar. ca. 1514
|                       +-----------------------+died late 1552
|                       |born ca. 1525          |     Amersham, Bucks.
|                       |                       |
|                       |                       |Isabel Bartlett
|                       |bur. 4 April 1586      +-----------------------
|                       |     Amersham, Bucks.
|                       |
|Mary Merwin            |                        w.p. 23 January 1556/7
+-----------------------+                             Amersham, Bucks.
 born ca. 1575          |
      Amersham, Bucks.  |
 living ca.1648         |                       +-----------------------
      Windsor, CT       |                       |
                        |                       |
                        |                       |
                        +-----------------------+
See NEHGS Register                              |
July 1995 & October 1995                        |
for biographical                                |
information.                                    +-----------------------

21 September 1997                                              14

Index of Persons

Names all in upper case are those from J. P. Brooke-Little's reports as he wrote them.

[The numbers are the page numbers on which the names occurred in the original ASCII plaintext version of this file; links on numbers go to the point where the corresponding page began in the text file.]

Alleyn, Marye  10                   St. John, Elizabeth  9,  11
Alleyne, Thomas  10                 ST. JOHN, FFRANCIS  6,  8
Awsrey, John  10                    St. John, Ffrancis  11
Bartlett, Isabel  13                ST. JOHN, HENRY  5,  6,  8
Bletso, Barons of  2                St. John, Henry  10
BLOUNT, ELIZABETH  4                ST. JOHN, JANE  4
Blount, Elizabeth  10                   JOHN  4,  7
BLOUNT, RICHARD  4                  St. John, John  10
Bolingbroke, Viscounts of  2            Sir John  10
Brooke-Little, J. P.  3                 Capt. Joseph  2
Browne, Samuel  10                      Judith  9
Bulkeley, Sarah  10                 ST. JOHN, KATHERINE  5
Bulkley, Peter  10                      MARGARET  6
    Sarah  1                        St. John, Mary  10
                                        Matthias  1
Collins, Mary  1                    ST. JOHN, MICHAEL  4
EWARBY, JANE  4                         MILLICENT  5
Fullam, Susan  2                        NICHOLAS  4
GOODWIN, ELIZA  8                       OLIVER  4,  5,  6,  8
    JOHN  8                         St. John
Haselden, Alice  10                     Sir Oliver  1,  9,  10
Hasolden, Robert  10                ST. JOHN, PAWLETT  5
    William  10                         RICHARD  4
Holecroft, Sir Henry  10                ROBERT  8
HUNGERFORD, WALTER  4                   ROGER  5,  8
HUSSEY, CHRISTOPHER  4              St. John, Roger  11
IWARDBY, JOAN  4                    ST. JOHN, ROWLAND  5
Leigh, Sir  10                          SIBILLA  5
LEIGHTON, FRANCES  8                    WALTER  4
Merwin, John  13                        WILLIAM  6
    Mary  3,  13                    ST. PAUL, ELIZABETH  7
    Thomas  13                      TILLNEY, MARY  8
Senchon, Sara  2                        ROBERT  8
    Thomas  2                       Tinker, Mary  1,  3,  13
SENJOHN, JOHN  5                        Robert  3,  13
Senjohn, John  11                   Weales, Fraunces  10
Senshon, William  2                 Westland, Dorothie  9
Sension, James  3                   Whiting, Samuel  1,  9
    Marke  3
    Nicholas  1
    Thomas  3
Sention, Matthias  1
SINTGENS, JEREMY  6
Slingsby, Sir William  10
SMALLWOOD, FRANK T.  4
St. George, Sir Henry  10
ST. JOHN, ALEXANDER  5
St. John, Ann  10
ST. JOHN, ARBELLA  5
    CATHERINE  4
    DOROTHEA  4
St. John, Edward  10
ST. JOHN, ELEANOR  4
St. John, Elizabeth  1
ST. JOHN, ELIZABETH  4,  8

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